It is advisable to use the right coolant to ensure your vehicle engine stays in great condition. However, when it comes to trucks, you need to use special coolant for their engines. Trucks are usually used to haul larger loads such as campers, boats and trailers and this is why their coolant requirements are different from those of small cars. It is important to know the right engine coolant to use for your truck. Using the right coolant will ensure that the engine does not overheat or get damaged.
Which Coolant Should You Use?
There are various types of engine coolants or antifreeze you can buy for your truck. The most common ones are propylene glycol and ethylene glycol. If you are using ethylene glycol, handle it with extreme care since it is very toxic. It is critical to make sure that the coolant does not drain into the water table.
The national authorities have rated propylene glycol safer than ethylene glycol and this explains why it is more popular among truckers. The compound is used in all types of coolants including aircraft de-icing, toiletries and foods. However, you should not allow it to drain into the water table, just like is the case with ethylene glycol.
Generally, you should ensure that water and the engine coolant are mixed in the ratio of 50/50. On the absolute minimum, the water should form 40 percent of the mixture. Most people think that the main function of the coolant is to ensure that the engine does not freeze. While this is one of the functions, it is not the main one. The engine mixture ensure the freezing point stays low while the boiling point stays high. This is the most important function. Failing to use the right coolant an lead to cavitation, corrosion or rust on the cylinder wall. These can kill your engine.
Why You Should Check the Freezing Point
If you live in an area with cold climate, you should keep propylene glycol in a higher concentration. The compound does not lower the freezing point effectively and this is what you should keep it in high concentration. If you live in a warm climate area, you will realize that propylene glycol transfers heat fast. If you will be hauling large loads over uneven terrains, this is the coolant you should use.
Making the Right Mixture
You should not use tap water to dilute concentrated engine coolant. This water can cause the engine to scale. Instead of faucet water, use distilled or de-ionized water to dilute the engine coolant. Most manufacturers advise truckers to purchase pre-diluted coolant.
You should carry out a thorough research to determine the right coolant to buy. You can find the right coolant by following the tips above.
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