Wildlife conservation or preservation is defined as the practice of protecting wild plants and animal species and the place where they live in or their habitats. It is the goal of wildlife conservation to make sure that nature will be present for the enjoyment of future generations, and to realize the importance of wilderness for both humans and species alike.
Species all over the world are being endangered due to habitat loss, climate change, poaching and pollution. It is very unfortunate to hear that we lost a single species, how much more knowing that we lose an estimated 10,000 species to extinction every year. You may have heard of the well publicized endangered animals in the US like the Alaska grey wolf, American bison and Florida manatee, but without our knowledge, more other countless unknown species are threatened by extinction. It should come to everybody’s knowledge that species extinctions can throw our ecosystem off balance, plus it can impact our food system, economy and can eliminate our breakthroughs in the science and medical fields.
There is an interconnection and interdependence among all species in the ecosystem, and if one is eliminated, there could be a drastic and sudden effects on the remaining species. In the earth’s long history, it was recorded that there are five mass extinctions that are known, and now, scientists are saying that humans are creating the sixth mass extinction. The legal and illegal trade in species that are at endangered risks, habitats that are destroyed because of expanding cities, and climate change due to human driven activities. It is unfortunate that many animals cannot adapt to the rapid changes.
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Several strong trends about wildlife protection are happening today, and thankfully, some endangered species are off the list because of this protectionism, like the North American grey wolf and a specific species of gorilla in Africa.
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Considered as one of the biggest challenges we face is mankind’s travels that various foreign species are ending up in places where are not their natural habitat.
People could think that the world is full of wildlife species, but the truth is that the numbers of these species are decreasing, and if nothing is done about it, they could be facing extinction. As more and more preservation programs are organized, we come to an assurance that these wildlife animals will be protected, plus with a proper public awareness, there will be proper management of our natural resources. The trends now that will inform and encourage people to study and address the challenges facing our wildlife and its preservation are a comfort to ensure that our nature will be around for the next generations to come.